EORTC Gynecological Cancer Group conducts trials in ovarian, cervical and corpus tumours, including rare cancers.
With the help of established translational and imaging research processes, future EORTC studies in gynecological cancers will aim to provide molecular approaches to patient management. The greatest challenge is to discover clinically-useful predictive factors to identify subgroups of patients based on genomic patterns and activated pathways, and tailor clinical trials for them.
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Since 1977, EORTC has successfully conducted clinical research in ovarian, cervical, uterine and vulvar cancer. Many of these trials were unique and changed clinical practice.
The ACTION Study (EORTC 55904) investigated the role of adjuvant chemotherapy in early ovarian cancer. Original analysis showed that adjuvant chemotherapy improved recurrence-free survival (RFS) but not overall survival (OS).
The Interval Debulking Study in Ovarian Cancer (EORTC 55865) showed, and continues to show with over 10 years of follow up, that there is a significant survival advantage for patients who underwent interval debulking.
The EORTC 55971/NCIC-CTG OV13 trial showed that neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery is a good alternative for primary debulking surgery in patients with extensive stage IIIc or IV ovarian carcinoma.
MRC 0VO5/EORTC 55955 This study found that in relapsed ovarian cancer, early treatment based on confirmed elevation of CA125 alone, versus delayed treatment based on clinical relapse, shows no evidence of a survival benefit or better quality of life. So there is no value in routinely measuring CA125 in the follow-up of ovarian cancer patients who attain a complete response after first-line treatment.
The first targeted agent maintenance trial at EORTC (EORTC 55041) compared two years of daily erlotinib versus observation. Although the results were negative, this trial was one of the first large randomised phase III trials in which targeted therapy was tested in ovarian cancer patients.
A recently-finished randomized phase III study of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery versus concomitant radiotherapy and chemotherapy in FIGO Ib2, IIa >4 cm or IIb cervical cancer (EORTC 55994) could provide important indications on best treatment modality in this early-stage population.
EORTC performed a randomised phase III trial in stage I and II uterine sarcomas to evaluate any potential benefit of adjuvant radiotherapy in this population. Over a 13-year period, this study recruited 224 patients including 103 with leiomyosarcomas (LMS) followed by 91 with carcinosarcomas (CS) and 28 with endometrial stromal sarcomas. The benefit in local control for CS (not seen in LMS) did not translate into any difference in OS between immediate postoperative pelvic radiotherapy and observation. These results clearly demonstrated that women with uterine sarcomas can be spared adjuvant radiotherapy. (REF ).
- ERP 261 – Computational modeling of ovarian cancer progression dynamics to suggest optimal treatment strategies. (project leader: Dr Neel)
The project will use data from the EORTC 55971 trial to validate an advanced model aimed at predicting treatment outcome between PDS and NACT patients and thereby improving current treatment strategy.
- ERP 255 – Development of a prognostic nomogram to predict progression-free survival in patients with ovarian cancer participating in maintenance therapy trials after the completion of 1st chemotherapy. (project leader Dr Lindeman).
The aim of this project is to use the EORTC 55041 data to develop 2 prognostic nomograms: one based on pre-maintenance treatment, disease and patient characteristics and their association with progression-free survival; the second on the characteristics that can predict therapeutic failure of NACT, where therapeutic failure of NACT is defined as death or disease progression during NACT prior to surgery, inability to receive surgery and presence of residual disease after surgery.
- ERP 236 – Transfusion utilization and effect on quality of life, progression free and overall survival in up front treatment of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer.(project leader: Dr Prescott).
Use the 55971 data to assess the impact of blood transfusion on overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), Quality of Life (QoL) and adverse events of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.
- ERP 244 – Applying novel markers to predict individualized risks of and benefits from treatment in patients with ovarian cancer. (project leader: Dr Parvin Tajik).
Use data from various studies including 55971 and 55041 to develop validated multi-marker rules, which allow a personalised choice of treatment. External validation of the two-marker rule for the choice of treatment in stage IIIC or IV ovarian cancer patients between primary surgery or neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus interval debulking surgery.
European Reference Networks (ERN) for rare solid tumours (EURACAN). EURACAN is involving references centers in Europe covering ten types of rare cancers. EURACAN will improve patient cares and facilitate research in rare cancers. EORTC is providing the clinical research infrastructure. (No website available yet)
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
Judith R. Kroep
Leiden University Medical Centre
Antonio Casado Herráez
Hospital Universitario San Carlos